Biological age or academic age?
Published: April 22, 2022
By now she has been unsuccessfully applying for positions as a professor or team leader for two years. As an example, she has attached a job posting she applied for. She didn´t even get invited for an interview, although she thought she was perfect for the position.
I immediately jump to item no. 7, the list of publications, which is still the most important selection criterion in academia. 13 papers, of which she was the primary author on 8. The really big journals, like Nature or Science, are not among them, but the journals in which she has published are definitely respectable. I flip back to the section “Education and academic career”: She had started writing her PhD thesis in 2000. 13 publications in 16 years, which is probably not enough to show for when applying for a full professorship, I think to myself, perhaps even the reason why her application didn’t make the cut. Then I start working my way through the documents. On page 5, I come across the section “Maternity and parental leave”.
She had been on maternity leave for 10 months for each of her two children. I discover the following footnote in the fine print: “Since 2009, I have been working part-time (65%).” I do the maths: 16 years minus 20 months, 7 years times 0.65.
Accordingly, her academic age is not 16 but only 10. That suddenly puts the number of 13 publications in a very different perspective. But which employer takes the trouble to run the numbers and piece together this information spread around through awfully long documents? I continue to read until the entry “Third-party funds” catches my eye. Again: For the 12 years since the completion of her PhD, the output is relatively low; relative to 6 academic years, it is respectable.
I comment on her CV, “In your case, you should mention your academic output per academic year on the first page of your application and, likewise, make sure it is readily visible next to the list of publications. Further, you should indicate whether you want to work as a professor full-time or part-time. That information is crucial for your future employer, but unfortunately, I cannot find it anywhere.”
The major research institutions have decided to base their judgment with regard to excellence in research on the academic age (i.e. the years of active research) and not on the biological age (i.e. the years of one’s life). This is meant to even out twists and turns in the CV, such as parental leave. This is an essential change of rules.
But applicants should not make the search committee go through the file looking for such facts. They should shove it right in their faces. That is not impertinent but merely helpful for both parties.
Topics relating to working women are discussed in our workshop Women and career.